They are ordered wholesale and also consumed in bulk.
For each order, the production costs are optimized, and the appropriate technique and type of printing is selected. Graphic designers, DTP operators and printers deal with this.
Imagine that we buy a monitor and its input does not match our video card, even though it has the same type.That's why certain standards apply. In polygraphy and graphics, such standards also exist - appropriate definitions of CMYK colors - key for the appropriate color reproduction.
Without standards, even leaflets could be completely unreadable and even repulsive.
The main division is cold printing, where the paint is fixed by soaking into paper.While the 'hot' offset where the printed paper web passes through the drying tunnel. The classic offset (water) is associated with the use of water rollers and hydrophilic and hydrophobic surfaces, however, this method is already abandoned due to the difficulty in obtaining a good balance of water and oil paint. The successor of this method is anhydrous offset printing where silicone molds are used instead of water..